• Modificated: 14.06.2011

Vologda is one of the most well-preserved large cities of Russia the present historical appearance of which was formed by amazingly harmonious combination of stone and wooden architectural monuments. Suffice it to say that there are more than 200 monuments of architecture, history and culture in its territory.

Harmonious combination of new and historical buildings has always been the main task. But already existent modern building up of Vologda didn’t avoid penetration of architectural fashion of the Soviet period. Intense construction of typical dwelling houses and administrative buildings with unpretentious architecture in the central part in the 1960-1980s destroyed separate perspectives and worsened perception of Vologda’s historical quarters.

Since 1991 everything in the city was constructed only in accordance with individual projects and special attention was paid to the central historical part. Control mode of town-planning activity approved in 1990 by the project of protected areas of historical and cultural monuments in the city, permitted to deter developers’ aggressive intentions from destroying valuable buildings and to offer purposeful work on the recreation of the historical centre.

Constant search of ways to mutual understanding permitted to find optimal solutions for the elaboration of common town-planning policy. Thus it was determined to construct brick houses, to plank them with wooden boards and to reconstruct their decor in the historical quarters. These houses have blended well with the city environment and are perceived as examples of reconstructions of the historical edifices. We should mention a tendency of the Vologda architects to work out their own stylistic methods and character of buildings using means of modern architectural language. The supporting subject is mainly history which is understood rather general as a rule, out of concrete time, with the purpose of creating background building and not only in the protected areas.

Vologda has experienced real construction boom lately; the work content of the Department of Architecture and Town-planning is increasing. Thus analyzing the building prospects in the central part of the city, the Department has determined several quarters which are the most significant in the town-planning scheme. They are offered for development with attraction of investors of different ownership forms on the basis of worked out planning schemes and projects of regeneration. Besides, new areas are being developed, some of them - on the borders of the city and district. “Contact zones” or zones of territorial reserve have been defined to avoid difficulties with the establishment of the city boundaries and to take into account interests of the suburbs. The main tasks in the sphere of town-planning activity in prospect remain the following: formation of the city centre, which will be modern in functions and will preserve the historical appearance of the city, and development of transport and engineering infrastructure.